At least 25% of people with diabetes do not know about their disease. They quietly do business, do not pay attention to the symptoms, and at this time, diabetes gradually destroys their body. Awareness, prevention and healthy lifestyle are crucial in the fight against diabetes, because tens of millions of people suffer from undiagnosed forms of the disease, while the disease can be prevented or corrected in time.
It is known that there are several types of diabetes: Type 1, type 2, gestational (diabetes mellitus of pregnant women) and specific. For each type, there are characteristic symptoms, but there are also common signs. The effectiveness of future treatment of diabetes mellitus will depend on how quickly the first symptoms are noticed and the correct diagnosis is made.
As a rule, the symptoms of type 1 diabetes mellitus increase rapidly in a person within a few days. Often, the patient suddenly falls into a diabetic coma (loses consciousness), he is urgently taken to a hospital and diabetes is diagnosed there. Type 1 diabetes often begins 2-4 weeks after a viral infection (flu, rubella, measles, etc.) or severe stress. Unfortunately, type 2 diabetes mellitus is manifested by symptoms that are typical for other diseases as well – discomfort and fatigue can be attributed to chronic stress and fatigue. But still, there are several signs that may clearly indicate that you have or have already developed diabetes:
- A sudden weight loss is one of the first signs of the developing disease, which should be alarming. You seem to eat as usual, do not sit on a hard diet and do not torture yourself with daily exercise in the gym, but melt right before your eyes. At first, weight loss can be enjoyable. But the joy will not be long, because the rapid weight loss is a sure sign of some disease. In the case of diabetes, weight is lost due to a lack of insulin, which is necessary for the body, which breaks down food and promotes the absorption of valuable substances and calories.
- Thirst. Constant dryness in the mouth is not lost even when consuming large amounts of fluid. You are thirsty all the time. Drink water, tea, juices – everything that you like and see, but the result is zero: still thirsty, and it does not matter whether the hot summer in the yard or frosty winter.
- Incredible fatigue. It’s just that one “beautiful” day, when you wake up, you suddenly realize that you can’t get out of bed. Loss of physical strength, weakness, exhaustion are some of the right symptoms of diabetes. It’s no wonder that the body loses vitality, because, as already mentioned, due to the violation of the function of insulin production, the nutrients necessary for the body are not absorbed, you lose weight, and with it the strength.
- A constant feeling of hunger. You suddenly have a brutal appetite, you eagerly pounce on the food, although after a hearty lunch it was only an hour. Even with the consumption of large amounts of food, you are constantly hungry. The reason for this increased appetite is a disturbance of the metabolic processes of sugar in the body.
- Frequent urination. You always want to go to the toilet. A similar situation happens with cystitis. But in this case, the cause is not kidney inflammation, but the inability of the body to cope with high blood sugar content. Attempts to remove excess sugar lead to constant urination urges.
- “Sand in the eyes” and visual impairment. The eyes may suddenly start to double or there may be a feeling of fog. Vision disorders in case of diabetes are caused by a disorder of retina function due to increased blood sugar.
- Nonhealing wounds and abrasions. Have you noticed that even small wounds and abrasions do not go away for a long time and cause you a lot of discomfort and inconvenience? Or are you worried about itching in some parts of your body, often intimate? As a rule, women with such symptoms go to the dermatologist or gynecologist, but they can be signs of diabetes.
The main thing is to be in time. Elevated blood glucose levels can only be detected by laboratory means, i.e. by taking a blood sugar test. Even without obvious symptoms of diabetes, a blood sugar test will correctly determine its presence. Self-control is also needed in order to detect in time prediabetes, a condition in which carbohydrate metabolism is already impaired, but not to the extent that the pathology has turned into diabetes.
If you catch the borderline condition in time, you can correct the situation with the right diet, even without resorting to medications. In order not to get sick, you will have to revise your diet in favor of healthy food, vegetables and fruits, to exercise to reduce body weight, to increase motor activity – more outdoor walking and less sitting on the sofa in front of the TV with a plate of sweets. If you make certain efforts and change your lifestyle, the probability of developing diabetes will decrease by almost 70%.